For example, only 28% of Germans have a firm grasp of inflation or economic growth rates, and 42% are familiar with such basic economic concepts as compound interest or supply and demand. When it comes to the tax burden and the distribution of wealth in Germany, only 32% of respondents gave a correct answer.
Some of the estimates were off the mark by a huge margin, with inflation and growth estimates ranging up to annual rates of 60%. This suggests that many Germans are far detached from economic reality.
Across the entire population, men have better knowledge of economic facts than women, but education plays a key role. For example, 49% of higher secondary school graduates know the current unemployment rate, compared to 35% of the less educated. The education gap is even larger (73% vs. 40%) with respect to understanding the concept of compound interest, which is important for making smart investment and saving decisions. Given that better education is generally associated with higher income and wealth, this gap may reinforce social inequality as basic economic knowledge helps people get ahead.
Read more in German:
- Background story and online survey: “Was wissen wir über Wirtschaft?” (ZEIT, 02/01/2018)
- Interview with Armin Falk: “Ein großer Schatz an spannendem Wissen” (ZEIT, 02/08/2018)
- Selected findings explained: “Von Wirtschaft keinen Schimmer” (ZEIT, 02/08/2018)
- Op-ed by Jonas Radbruch: “Alle sind Mitte” (ZEIT, 02/15/2018)
- Op-ed by S. Altmann, A. Falk, U.J. Heuser, and J. Radbruch: “Wer zahlen soll” (ZEIT, 02/22/2018)